Evaluating the evolution of management theory
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs relates to organizational theory and behaviour because it explores a worker's motivation.
During this period, stalwarts like F. Emphasis on planning and control of production.
Evolution of management ppt
Loss due to re-organization: The introduction of Scientific Management requires a virtual reorganization of the whole set-up of the industrial unit. Though his approach was paternalistic, he came to be regarded as the father of Personnel Management. In a study of workers making telephone switching equipment, researchers Elton Mayo and F. Frank Gilbreth is regarded as the father of motion study. We can see that the many different contributions of writers and practitioners have resulted in different contributions of writers and practitioners have resulted in different approaches to management, and these make up a man management theory jungle. She believed in the power of the group, where individuals could combine their diverse talents into something bigger. Theory Y: The theory that employees are capable of being ambitious and self-motivated under suitable conditions, contrasted with Theory X. Edwards Deming exercised a great influence in developing contemporary ideas to improve productivity and quality. He rose to be the chief engineer at the Midvale Engineering Works and later on served with the Bethlehem Works where he experimented with his ideas and made the contribution to the management theory for which he is so well known. Equity: Fayol perceives this principle as one of eliciting loyalty and devotion from personnel by a combination of kindliness and justice in managers dealing with subordinates. Many of the objections raised were later remedied by the other contributors to scientific management like Henry L Gantt, Frank and Lillian Gilbreth and Harrington Emerson. They made scientific management more humanized and meaningful to devotees of Taylor. Methods and techniques which are extremely effective in one situation may not give the same results in another situation. Finally, managing is concerned with productivity — this implies effectiveness and efficiency.
Stability of Tenure of Personnel Long-term employees develop skills that can improve organizational efficiency. The classical management approach had three major categories that include scientific management, administrative theory and bureaucratic management.
He favoured organized exchange of experience among managers and pleaded for an organized effort to pool the great fund of accumulated knowledge in the art of workshop management. Taylor asserted that to succeed in these principles, it is necessary to transform completely the part of management and labour.
Researchers using the open-systems view are also interested in how the various parts of a system work together to promote efficiency and effectiveness.
Evaluating the evolution of management theory
Initiative and The Repair Boss: To ensure that each worker keeps his machine in good order and maintains cleanliness around him and his machines. Line of Authority The length of the chain of command that extends from the top to the bottom of an organization should be limited. In contrast, when the environment is changing rapidly, it is difficult to obtain access to resources, and managers need to organize their activities in a way that allows them to cooperate, to act quickly to acquire resources such as new types of inputs to produce new kinds of products , and to respond effectively to the unexpected. Centralization: Fayol principle of centralization refers to the extent to which authority is concentrated or dispersed in an enterprise. Taylor concluded that science, not rule of thumb, Harmony, not discord, Cooperation and not individualism, Maximum output, in place of restricted output. In other words, how managers design the organizational hierarchy, choose a control system, and lead and motivate their employees is contingent on the characteristics of the organizational environment. Seebohm Rowntree UK : Rowntree created a public opinion on the need of labour welfare scheme and improvement in industrial relations. W Taylor. Under eight-boss-scheme of functional foremanship, four persons like route clerk, instruction card clerk, time and cost clerk and disciplinarian are associated with planning function, and the remaining four speed boss, inspector, maintenance foreman, and gang boss are concerned with operating function. Behavioural Science: Behavioural science and the study of organizational behaviour emanated during s ands. Reduction of Employment: Scientific Management creates unemployment and hits the workers hard.
He called his philosophy "The Gospel of Efficiency". Frank Gilbreth is regarded as the father of motion study. Perhaps the most influential approach was developed by Douglas McGregor.
He proposed that two different sets of assumptions about work attitudes and behaviours dominate the way managers think and affect how they behave in organizations. He summed up his approach in these words: Science, not rule of thumb Harmony, not discord Maximum output, in place of restricted output The development of each man to his greatest efficiency and prosperity.
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