Business plan for cooperative society in sri

What is a business co op

During the subsequent Five-Year Development Plan , higher priority was given to dairy development with the objective of improving the living standards of smallholder farmer families through creating new rural job opportunities as well as reducing import subsidies. Later, a few smaller societies were formed in other parts of the country, and these supplied milk to the government's milk-feeding centres for young children. The government's attempts to revive the flagging dairy cooperatives through the various development plans were to little avail. The subject of Co-operatives became a provincial subject with the 13th amendment of the Constitution in Formed in , the Colombo Cooperative Milk Union incorporated some of the existing cooperative societies in the Colombo district. It has proved to be a strong economic institution and a vehicle for improving the condition of the impoverished rural population. While the day-to-day functioning of the cooperative is managed by full-time salaried employees, the committee or board of the cooperative, consisting of only elected members, makes the decisions on the affairs of the cooperative. Indonesia Background to the dairy industry and dairy cooperatives Dairy farming was first introduced in Indonesia on the island of Java during the Dutch colonial era, when small herds of Holstein-Friesian cattle were kept close to the cities of Jakarta and Surabaya and in the highlands where the climate suited this temperate breed. These two societies flourished. The milk-processing plants were directed to accept these increasing amounts on a quota system to be reviewed every six months. Conclusions It is evident from the above that the dairy cooperative movement in Sri Lanka has been actively encouraged by the government agencies concerned with livestock development from about onwards. Established in , this cooperative currently comprises about 25 percent of the total number of dairy farmers in the country and is administered by a member board of directors under the Farmers Organization Authority through the Cooperative Act. As it is not easy to change the dietary habits of adults, a concerted effort should be made with schoolchildren by expanding the current limited milk-feeding programmes in schools. Conclusions The Government of Indonesia has very rightly placed great reliance on the dairy cooperative movement as a vehicle for its ambitious dairy development programme. Initially dairy producers' associations were formed, but these were subsequently registered as cooperatives.

It is hoped that Pakistan's newly organized dairy industry will reduce the dominance of the traditional milk traders middlemen so as to increase farmers' incomes and provide urban consumers with better quality dairy products. Only dairy farmers are allowed to enrol as members and they must commit to supplying milk exclusively to the cooperative.

More than 85 percent of the dairy farmers are members of dairy cooperatives that handle the collection, chilling and distribution of milk to milk-processing plants. Thailand Background to the dairy industry and dairy cooperatives Since the consumption of milk has never been a tradition among the Thai people, cattle have been raised for draught, beef and manure rather than for dairy purposes.

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The main constraint that milk producers seek to overcome by acting collectively is the marketing of their product. The federation has the power to act on such issues as pricing policies, extension, training, control of milk and milk product imports, subsidies and credit.

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Two important pieces of legislation concerning the dairy industry were enacted in Indeed, the President of Indonesia remarked at that time: "The primary task of development is to uplift the common people from the abyss of poverty and the principal solution for raising the weak from poverty and destitution is through cooperatives. The first dairy producers' cooperative in Indonesia was established in Pujon, Malang, East Java in The difficulty of disposing local raw milk was also a problem some time ago. It has proved to be a strong economic institution and a vehicle for improving the condition of the impoverished rural population. The same problems have also hampered the formation of village livestock associations. Co-operative Department was established as a separate department on 01st October It can be met by dairy farmers cooperatively establishing their own collection system and milk treatment facility in order to convert their perishable primary produce, which requires special and timely attention, into products with longer-keeping quality for marketing purposes. Conclusions The government's interest in supporting the dairy cooperative movement is only of recent origin but a start has been made. Initially dairy producers' associations were formed, but these were subsequently registered as cooperatives. They continued to face serious problems caused by the rapidly growing private sector, which thrived on processing cheap imported milk powder from Europe and Oceania. Banerjee's article in this issue p. By there were 11 such dairy cooperatives in operation, yet these were faced with serious problems in that they had to compete with the uncontrolled importation of cheap milk powder by the private-sector milk-processing factories. A group of primary-level cooperatives forms a union, which can be for a district, region or milkshed area. The government gave even greater emphasis to dairy development in the fourth Five-Year Development Plan , and the current Five-Year Development Plan has as its target an increase in milk production to arrive at a ratio of domestic milk purchased by milk-processing factories to imported milk.

In actual fact, privatization of the dairy industry faced opposition and failed to make an impact since no increases in producer prices or milk production were apparent.

At that time the government established the Milk Authority to promote milk production and consumption. The Ministry of Rural Industrial Development, the department responsible for livestock development, has played a significant role in the development of milk producers' cooperatives since September The farm families need to be educated so that they understand the important role of milk in the diet of growing children.

Because of the activities of middlemen who collected milk and exploited the dairy farmers, they became less active and some were forced to dissolve. General conclusions In developing countries in Asia and the Pacific Region, the dairy cooperative has been recognized as an important means of organizing the supply of agricultural inputs, processing and marketing agricultural produce and providing agricultural credit, among other related activities.

Setting up a cooperative business plan

Meanwhile, the National Livestock Development Board, a sister organization of the Department of Animal Production and Health in the Ministry of Rural Industries' Development, implemented a World Bank-funded project to establish dairy cooperatives in the coconut plantation area of the Northwestern Province and in the mid-country area of the Central Province. Foreign assistance and expertise were obtained by the government to assist in these activities. Thereafter, similar primary dairy cooperatives were established in Nongkojajar , Pangalengan and Bogor , as well as in other dairy centres at Grati, Ungaran, Boyolali and Garut. This has proved to be a very wise move with far-reaching implications for the government's dairy development programme. As such, it could not compete with the imported product, and inevitably there was a gradual decline in local milk production. As a result, only the cooperatives of Pujon and Pangalengan survived, although with difficulty. Banerjee's article in this issue p. A milestone in this reorientation process occurred early in when five dairy federations in the country organized themselves into the Dairy Confederation of the Philippines. During the subsequent Five-Year Development Plan , higher priority was given to dairy development with the objective of improving the living standards of smallholder farmer families through creating new rural job opportunities as well as reducing import subsidies. Co-operative Department was established as a separate department on 01st October Under the new Cooperative Act, passed in , the National Cooperative Development Board has been established to strengthen the cooperative movement in the country. The farm families need to be educated so that they understand the important role of milk in the diet of growing children. If some of the profits were used to develop roads and to improve the water supply, schools, libraries, clinics, etc. Most dairy cooperatives adopt either a two - or three - tier system. General conclusions In developing countries in Asia and the Pacific Region, the dairy cooperative has been recognized as an important means of organizing the supply of agricultural inputs, processing and marketing agricultural produce and providing agricultural credit, among other related activities.

Later, a few smaller societies were formed in other parts of the country, and these supplied milk to the government's milk-feeding centres for young children. These would act as business associations owned and operated by members for their entire benefit.

In order to further increase the consumption of milk and milk products, the vigorous mass media-directed campaign currently under way to popularize their consumption must be maintained.

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MSCS: Multi State Cooperative Societies