An analysis of the major civil rights decision on the case of brown v board of education of topeka i
Brown vs board of education summary
Transition to a fully integrated school system did not begin until , after numerous local lawsuits and both nonviolent and violent demonstrations. Originally filed in May of by plaintiff's attorneys Spottswood Robinson and Oliver Hill, the Davis case, like the others, argued that Virginia's segregated schools were unconstitutional because they violated the equal protection clause of the fourteenth amendment. Therefore, we hold that the plaintiffs and others similarly situated for whom the actions have been brought are, by reason of the segregation complained of, deprived of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment. Reed discussed incomplete cultural assimilation and states' rights and was inclined to the view that segregation worked to the benefit of the African-American community; Tom C. Over the several decades following Brown, covert opposition to desegregation was carried out under cover of school redistricting and convoluted attendance boundaries. This landmark piece of civil rights legislation was followed by the Voting Rights Act of and the Fair Housing Act of Century-old arguments, reminiscent of the debates over slavery, were revived to defend the primacy of states' rights over federal jurisdiction. There was no Jim Crow in some areas where you had expected it; segregation had deep roots where it was not expected. Missouri ex rel Gaines v. These laws came to be known as Jim Crow laws. While both of these plaintiffs brought suit because their African-American children had to attend inferior schools, Sarah Bulah's situation was unique in that she was a white woman with an adopted Black child, who was still subject to the segregation laws of the state.
By the time the case reached the Supreme Court on appeal, George E. On May 14,he delivered the opinion of the Court, stating that "We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place. A reargument was necessary because the Court desired briefs from both sides that would answer five questions, all having to do with the attorneys' opinions on whether or not Congress had segregation in public schools in mind when the 14th amendment was ratified.
Updated January 30, The case of Brown v. Oxford University Press; New York, County Board of Educationfor instance, the Court refused to issue an injunction preventing a school board from spending tax money on a white high school when the same school board voted to close down a black high school for financial reasons.
Passage of the Civil Rights Act ofbacked by enforcement by the Justice Department, began the process of desegregation in earnest. Ferguson was right and should be reaffirmed. The Kansas case was unique among the group in that there was no contention of gross inferiority of the segregated schools' physical plant, curriculum, or staff.
Byhis case reached the U. Moreover, in Gong Lum v. Spottswood Robinson began the argument for the appellants, and Thurgood Marshall followed him.
based on 13 review