The Boxer War Boxers by the tens of thousands flooded unopposed into Beijing. Eskridge-Kosmach, Alena N.
After the siege was broken many American missionaries were escorted to the nearest port and sent home but Ament stayed to help his converts rebuild their lives. Seymour's casualties during the expedition were 62 killed and wounded.
The weakened Manchu government was not sure how to handle the increasingly arrogant European powers in China. When the foreigners attacked Tianjin, they drove out the Boxers and Chinese soldiers after fierce fighting.
As a result of the situation, Admiral Seymour left for Peking with an international relief force. If we are besieged long, we shall have to go on short rations.
Thompson points out that since the Opium Wars of that the Japanese and the European powers had in effect usurped Chinese government power and authority. Jewett who was a member of the international relief force.
Those versed in the martial arts fought with their hands and feet along with weapons such as knives and swords.